Skip to content
Tallinn.ee
Accessibility
 °C
Search for information, services, etc.

Frequently asked questions

Frequently asked questions

What is bio-waste and why do I have to collect it separately? 

Bio-waste is divided into two: kitchen and canteen waste (i.e. food waste) and garden and landscape waste (i.e. tree leaves, branches, grass, etc.). 
Food waste is, for example, meat and fish waste, vegetables and fruits (including peeling waste), bread, semi-finished food products, bakery products and confectionery, cheese, butter and margarine and other solid food waste, as well as household paper, paper napkins, coffee grounds, paper filters. 

Find out more about bio-waste on the 
https://www.tallinn.ee/et/keskkond/biojaatmed webpage. 
Check out the information leaflet on the collection of bio-waste
HERE

From 1 June 2023, who has to start collecting their bio-waste in a bin?


From 1 June 2023, all properties, regardless of the purpose of the property or the number of apartments, must collect their kitchen and canteen waste in a bin and hand it over to a waste hauler. PLEASE NOTE! The requirement applies from 1 April 2023 in
Mustamäe and from 1 May 2023 in Kristiine because the service provider of organised waste transport will be changing in these areas. 


As an exception, exemptions from the bin obligation can be applied for
by detached houses, semi-detached houses, townhouses and buildings with up to two apartments who compost their kitchen and canteen waste on-site in a composter closed from all sides and receive permission for composting from their district administration.

Adjacent properties can also use a shared bin to collect bio-waste. 
In order to use a shared bin, users must sign a contract for the use of the shared bin and agree on who will sign the contract with the waste hauler and
how payment for emptying the bin will be made. The use of the shared bin must be co-ordinated with the Tallinn Strategic Management Office and the
district administration for the district in which it is located. 
A request for the use of a shared bin can be submitted at
https://evald.ee/tallinn/app/jaatmekaitlus/
If the self-service link does not work, a digitally signed application can be sent to [email protected]You can find the application form here

What does it mean to use collection bins (80-litre and 140-litre) on favourable terms? 

It means that a physical person can use the collection bin free of charge on the condition that they sign an addendum to the contract with the waste hauler for the transfer of bio-waste within 14 days of receiving the container from the waste treatment plant. 

Who empties the bio-waste bin?

The bio-waste bin is emptied by the same company that also empties the municipal solid waste bin, because bio-waste is also covered by organised waste transport.

How does the signing of the bio-waste transport contract work?
In order to empty the bio-waste bin, you need to change your contract with the waste hauler in your area who also empties the municipal solid waste bin on your property. You can find additional information about waste transport areas and waste haulers HERE

Can I also put tree leaves and grass in the bio-waste container? 

Separately collected garden and landscaping waste can be placed in a bio-waste bin in a volume that does not exceed the carrying capacity established by the manufacturer of the collection bin (Tallinn Waste Management Regulations § 19 paragraph 1). This means that if you have a 140-litre bio-waste bin, you can put 70 kg of garden and landscaping waste in the bin and if you have an 80-litre bio-waste bin, you can put 40 kg of garden and landscaping waste in the container. 

Where can I apply for a free bio-waste bin? 

In addition to detached houses, semi-detached houses, townhouses and residents of houses with up to two apartments, bio-waste bins can also be requested by board members of an apartment association with 3-9 apartments. It is important to remember that one free bin can be requested per residential address. For example, if one resident of a semi-detached house applies for a free bin, the other residents of the semi-detached house on the same property cannot apply for more free bins. We recommend that the residents of a semi-detached house share a bin and sign a contract for the use of a shared bin. For an apartment association with 3-9 apartments, a bin can be requested by a member of the board of the apartment association who has the rights to represent the apartment association in transactions in the commercial register.

Applications can be submitted through the portal
http://taotlen.tallinn.ee

If the kitchen has a waste disposer, what exemption does the owner have to make if there is no bio-waste?

All those who have a waste disposer must also start collecting bio-waste in a bin. Not all bio-waste generated in households (flowers, fibrous food waste) can be put into the waste disposer. Therefore, even if there is a waste disposer in the household, it does not exempt the waste owner from the obligation to use a composter or a bio-waste bin.

I compost bio-waste and hand over packaging at the point of origin, I hardly generate municipal solid waste at all. Is it possible for me to hand over municipal solid waste to the waste hauler less often? 

If the property has the consent of the district for composting, the bin for municipal solid waste can be emptied once every eight weeks, i.e. once every two months. 
If the property has the consent of the district for composting and collection of packaging at the point of origin (for example, a packaging bin or a yellow packaging bag), the municipal solid waste bin can be emptied once every twelve weeks, i.e. once a quarter. 

To do this, you need to contact the waste hauler in your area to conclude a change to the contract. 


Who can compost kitchen and canteen waste on their property instead of in a bin?

Residents of detached houses, semi-detached houses, townhouses and buildings with up to two apartments who have received the relevant approval from the local district administration can compost their kitchen and canteen waste in a closed composter.

How and where can I apply for permits for composting?

The application can be submitted through the self-service portal https://evald.ee/tallinn/app/jaatmekaitlus/. If you cannot use the self-service portal, a signed application with a photo of the composter must be submitted to the district administration. 
PLEASE NOTE! If you received a composter from Tallinn in September 2022, you do not need to apply for a separate permit, as you are already registered in the system. 


What kind of composter is suitable for composting kitchen and canteen waste, or food waste?

Food waste can be composted in a composter that is closed from all sides, protected from pests, animals (including rodents) and birds and designed for year-round composting of kitchen and canteen waste and garden and landscape waste. Food waste must not be composted in an open pit, as it attracts birds, animals and rodents. 

You can compost garden and landscaping waste in an open bin or box and you do not need approval from the district administration to compost them on your property.

You can build a suitable compost bin yourself or buy one from the nearest hardware store. All commercially available compost bins at every price range are suitable for composting and the resident can choose one that suits them. 

For detached houses, we recommend a composter with a size of 250 L to 400 L. 

Read more about composting on
Kompostiljon's website.


Examples of possibilities:

A picture containing outdoor, trash

Description automatically generated

A picture containing grass, tree, outdoor, field

Description automatically generated

A picture containing grass, outdoor, house, grassy

Description automatically generated