Digital Transformation - one of 10 key smart city topics.
Tallinn is the capital of Estonia, perhaps the world’s most digital country, and home to 30% of its population.
Since gaining independence 28 years ago, Estonia has worked to reinvent itself and develop through digital innovation.
The majority of Tallinn’s inhabitants use tech in their daily lives. Initiatives include:
- Obligation for all citizens to have a digital identity from age 15.
- Data interoperability through the X-Road system that lets different databases, from both public organisations and private companies, communicate. Once one authority has asked you for information or authorisation, the others are barred from asking for the same thing.
- Online consultation of inhabitants to design the city’s future
- Creation of e-residency, with the goal of increasing numbers from 50,000 today to 10 million in 2025. The status enables foreigners to create a company and manage it remotely while enjoying advantageous local tax conditions.
- The privately funded project to build a 100-km tunnel from Tallinn to Helsinki, proposed by Peter Vesterbacka, the creator of Angry Birds, would create a common region known as Talsinki.
As a pioneer in urban exploration with its international networks dedicated to cities and their inhabitants, particularly Creative Cities, UNESCO supports initiatives that address environmental and peace issues through innovation, human rights and sustainable development. For the second year running, in response to the key issues in smart cities and regions, and in line with its overarching mission, UNESCO supports and coorganises Netexplo Smart Cities Accelerator: a global observatory and forum, a training program leading to a certificate from seven renowned universities, and a community of professionals who will move forward together.
Read more about 10 award-winning cities: https://en.unesco.org/news/unesco-netexplo-forum-2020