Estonia is the first country in the world to offer e-Residency – a secure government-backed digital identity, available to anyone around the world wanting to enjoy a wide range of government and business services developed in Estonia since the 1990s. By providing e-Residency, Estonia is unleashing the world’s entrepreneurial potential.
As of today, we have received over 6700 e-Residency
applications from 120 countries, and there are more
than 500 companies connected to e-residents. We have
already exceeded our initial goal for 2015 by more than
three-fold, and have received a vast amount of positive
feedback, especially considering that we are still in the beta
We are also happy to announce that in the last few months, we
have had several well-known additions to the e-Residency
community, such as the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō
Abe, former Apple evangelist Guy
Kawasaki and Swedbank President and CEO
How to become an e-resident
One can apply for e-Residency anywhere in the world at e-resident.gov.ee.
Once the application is approved, just one face-to-face meeting
is required to collect the card from one of Estonia’s foreign
representations in 34 countries.
These efficient and easy-to-use services have been available to
Estonians for over a decade. By offering e-residents the same
services, Estonia is proudly pioneering the idea of a country
e-residents receive a digi-ID for:
- Digital identification and authentication to access secure
- Digital signing of documents
- Digital verification of document authenticity
- Document encryption
Digital signatures and authentication have the same legal power
as handwritten signatures and face-to-face identification in
Estonia and between partners upon agreement anywhere around the
Currently e-residents applying for an Estonian bank account
have to come to Estonia and have a “face-to-face” meeting with
a bank official. However, hopefully within the next year
e-residents will be able to apply for a bank account the same
way they take advantage of other Estonian services: digitally.
By autumn 2016, partner banks will be able to “meet” with
applicants who want to open bank accounts virtually via secure
Developers are welcome to use the e-Residency open ID platform
to build services requiring secure digital authentication by
users, digital signatures, and encryption of documents.
Companies are invited to offer their legal, accounting,
business, marketing or any other services to entrepreneurs and
freelancers in the virtual business environment.
The e-resident digi-ID and services are built using
state-of-the-art technological solutions, including 2048-bit
public key encryption. The digi-ID card contains a microchip
with two security certificates: one for authentication, called
PIN1 (minimum 4-digit number), and another for digital signing,
called PIN2 (minimum 5-digit number).
e-Residency does not give citizenship, tax residency, or the
right of entry to Estonia or to the EU. The e-resident digi-ID
is not a physical identification or a travel document and does
not display a photo.
Our government is developing e-Residency like a start-up. Its
launch was agile, and we are constantly working to improve and
extend this revolutionary program. e-Residency is now in a
public beta phase: everybody is invited to apply and help us
develop it for you, the e-Estonian — a new kind of
digital and global citizen.