Digital Transformation - one of 10 key smart city topics.
Tallinn is the capital of Estonia, perhaps the world’s most
digital country, and home to 30% of its population.
Since gaining independence 28 years ago, Estonia has worked to
reinvent itself and develop through digital innovation.
The majority of Tallinn’s inhabitants use tech in their daily
lives. Initiatives include:
- Obligation for all citizens to have a digital identity from
- Data interoperability through the X-Road system that lets
different databases, from both public organisations and private
companies, communicate. Once one authority has asked you for
information or authorisation, the others are barred from asking
for the same thing.
- Online consultation of inhabitants to design the city’s
- Creation of e-residency, with the goal of increasing numbers
from 50,000 today to 10 million in 2025. The status enables
foreigners to create a company and manage it remotely while
enjoying advantageous local tax conditions.
- The privately funded project to build a 100-km tunnel from
Tallinn to Helsinki, proposed by Peter Vesterbacka, the creator
of Angry Birds, would create a common region known as
As a pioneer in urban exploration with its international
networks dedicated to cities and their inhabitants,
particularly Creative Cities, UNESCO supports initiatives that
address environmental and peace issues through innovation,
human rights and sustainable development. For the second year
running, in response to the key issues in smart cities and
regions, and in line with its overarching mission, UNESCO
supports and coorganises Netexplo Smart Cities Accelerator: a
global observatory and forum, a training program leading to a
certificate from seven renowned universities, and a community
of professionals who will move forward together.
Read more about 10 award-winning cities: